HolyGrail 2.0

The sorting of the future


HolyGrail 2.0 is investigating ways in which digital watermarking can be used to separate packaging more efficiently and precisely in sorting centres and at recyclers. The project is charting both the technical and the economic feasibility of introducing systems like this on a large scale. Over 160 European companies and organisations from across the recycling chain are involved.


Innovation and digitalisation are important drivers in the circular economy. A great many advanced technologies are already deployed in the sorting centres to separate packaging materials, including robots and infrared cameras. And some packaging does not end up in the right stream because it cannot be optimally detected. It is also becoming increasingly important to make a distinction between food and non-food packaging.


Digital watermarking has huge potential to increase the plastic packaging recycling percentages and further close the materials loop. The principle is very simple. Each item of packaging is given a digital recycling passport containing full details of the origin, composition, materials and content of the packaging. This is an invisible code, the size of a postage stamp, printed on the packaging.

In the sorting centre, the watermark on the packaging is detected by a high-resolution camera on the sorting line. The packaging can then be automatically allocated to the correct flow. This not only reduces the margin of error in existing flows, but also makes it possible to sort more precisely and tap into additional recycling flows.

Furthermore, packaging from food and non-food products can be separated from one another, something which is not possible with systems that operate purely on the type of material. This distinction is crucial for meeting the food safety standards of recycled materials. Digital watermarks therefore have the potential to provide an answer to the increasing demand for recyclate for various applications. 

HolyGrail 2.0 is examining the technical and economic feasibility of applying these systems on a large scale. The project began in 2018 and after a pilot phase and a semi-industrial test phase, has now reached an advanced stage. So during the course of 2022, various producers will be able to provide their packaging with digital watermarks that can be read in sorting facilities in Denmark, Germany and France.

Fost Plus is part of the consortium of partners. The HolyGrail 2.0 project provides Fost Plus with insights into the sorting and recycling of the future.

For more information about HolyGrail 2.0, go to www.digitalwatermarks.eu


AIM - European Brands Association

Alliance to End Plastic Waste

Over 160 European companies and organisations


Pilot phase (2018-2019)

Semi-industrial test phase (2021)

Industrial test phase (2022)